Hiroshige Andô

    Attributes

    • Male

    About the artist

    Hiroshige was born in 1797 and named "And? Tokutar?"
    1858: He died aged 62 during the great Edo cholera epidemic of 1858

    Hiroshige largely confined himself in his early work to common ukiyo-e themes such as women (??? bijin-ga) and actors (??? yakusha-e). Then, after the death of Toyohiro, Hiroshige made a dramatic turnabout, with the 1831 landscape series Famous Views of the Eastern Capital (???? T?to Meisho) which was critically acclaimed for its composition and colors. This set is generally distinguished from Hiroshige's many print sets depicting Edo by referring to it as Ichiy?sai Gakki, a title derived from the fact that he signed it as Ichiy?sai Hiroshige. With The Fifty-three Stations of the T?kaid?(1833–1834), his success was assured. These designs were drawn from Hiroshige's actual travels of the full distance of 490 kilometers (300 mi). They included details of date, location, and anecdotes of his fellow travelers, and were immensely popular. In fact, this series was so popular that he reissued it in three versions, one of which was made jointly with Kunisada.Hiroshige went on to produce more than 2000 different prints of Edo and post stations T?kaid?, as well as series such as The Sixty-nine Stations of the Kisokaid? (1834–1842) and Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (1852–1858). Of his estimated total of 5000 designs, these landscapes comprised the largest proportion of any genre.

    He dominated landscape printmaking with his unique brand of intimate, almost small-scale works compared against the older traditions of landscape painting descended from Chinese landscape painters such as Sesshu. The travel prints generally depict travelers along famous routes experiencing the special attractions of various stops along the way. They travel in the rain, in snow, and during all of the seasons. In 1856, working with the publisher Uoya Eikichi, he created a series of luxury edition prints, made with the finest printing techniques including true gradation of color, the addition of mica to lend a unique iridescent effect, embossing, fabric printing, blind printing, and the use of glue printing (wherein ink is mixed with glue for a glittery effect). One Hundred Famous Views of Edo (issued serially between 1856 and 1859) was immensely popular. The set was published posthumously and some prints had not been completed — he had created over 100 on his own, but two were added by Hiroshige II after his death.

    Hiroshige was a member of the Utagawa school, along with Kunisadaand Kuniyoshi. The Utagawa school comprised dozens of artists, and stood at the forefront of 19th century woodblock prints. Particularly noteworthy for their actor and historical prints, members of the Utagawa school were nonetheless well-versed in all of the popular genres.

    During Hiroshige’s time, the print industry was booming, and the consumer audience for prints was growing rapidly. Prior to this time, most print series had been issued in small sets, such as ten or twelve designs per series. Increasingly large series were produced to meet demand, and this trend can be seen in Hiroshige’s work, such as The Sixty-nine Stations of the Kisokaid? and One Hundred Famous Views of Edo.

    In terms of style, Hiroshige is especially noted for using unusual vantage points, seasonal allusions, and striking colors. In particular, he worked extensively within the realm of meisho-e (???) pictures of famous places. During the Edo period, tourism was also booming, leading to increased popular interest in travel. Travel guides abounded, and towns appeared along routes such as the T?kaid?, a road that connected Edo with Kyoto. In the midst of this burgeoning travel culture, Hiroshige drew upon his own travels, as well as tales of others’ adventures, for inspiration in creating his landscapes. For example, in The Fifty-three Stations on the T?kaid? (1833), he illustrates anecdotes from Travels on the Eastern Seaboard (??????? T?kaid?ch? Hizakurige, 1802–1809) by Jippensha Ikku, a comedy describing the adventures of two bumbling travelers as they make their way along the same road.

    Hiroshige’s The Fifty-three Stations of the T?kaid? (1833–1834) and One Hundred Famous Views of Edo (1856–1858) greatly influenced FrenchImpressionists such as Monet.Vincent Van Gogh copied two of the One Hundred Famous Views of Edo which were among his collection of ukiyo-e prints. Hiroshige's style also influenced the Mir iskusstva, a 20th century Russian art movement in which Ivan Bilibin was a major artist.

    The album cover of the alternative rock band Weezer's 1996 album Pinkerton's features Kambara Yoru no Yuki ("Night Snow at Kambara"), print number 16 in Hiroshige's popular 53 Stations of the T?kaid? series.

    Source:  Hiroshige Wikipedia Website


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