Joaquín Sorolla

    Attributes

    • Male

    About the artist

    1863: Born in Valencia
    1909: He exhibited his work in New York and garnered an unprecedented success
    1923: He died at his home in Cercedilla

    was born in 1863 in Valencia. At the school of fine arts (1878-1881) receive an academic education. He begins painting animated by one of his professors, Gonzalo Salvá, and then by the painter Ignacio Pinazo Camarlench outdoors. In 1884 he obtained a second medal at the national exhibition of fine arts and obtained a pension in Italy of the Provincial Council of Valencia. In 1885 he goes to Rome and thence to Paris, where it comes in contact with the naturalism. Returning to Rome, he began to travel around different Italian cities, taking small notes of color. In 1887 he settled in Assisi and there begins to do scenes of Valencian environment under the influence of José Benlliure y Gil. It is the beginning of his manners, which will greatly affect his future work.

    In 1888 he married Clotilde García del Castillo.

    in 1889 returned to Paris to see the Exposition Universelle: there he discovers the Nordic painters and his peculiar treatment of light, in which he based his own version of the luminism: its consolidation phase opens. His palette is gaining new nuances in his effort to capture the light. Emerging new topics, such as costumbrismo sailor, who comes to the peoples of the sea, or the respondent, social realism in official competitions. With the first achieved his first international success with the return of fishing in 1895, with the second several medals in the national of 1892, 1895 and 1901, in the latter with a medal of Honor.

    In 1890 birth of his first daughter, María Clotilde; in 1892, his only son male, Joaquín; and in 1895, his third daughter, Elena.

    in 1900 obtained the Grand Prix of the pavilions Spanish and Portuguese at the Universal Exposition in Paris. Its stage of completion, of the brightest Sorolla, whose perceptual skills and fast execution produced his best works, where light is the dominant interest starts. Their constant travel to Paris make you know the different avant-gardes, that experience in their works. Arise the "ISMS" in his paintings, always by way of experimentation in their quest to capture the light. He makes portraits big revenue-producing, and is interested in the landscape, travelling by different Spanish regions to collect their various qualifications. Continues to cultivate its costumbrismo sailor, which derived its themes of beach, renowned more for his production, from 1904 and began his studies of gardens, mainly in Andalusia from 1907.

    In this period exhibited in several cities in Europe and United States: in 1906 in Paris the following year in Berlin, Düsseldorf and Cologne; in 1908 in London and a year later in New York, Buffalo and Boston. They conclude these exhibitions in Chicago and Saint Louis the year 1911, with great success in Paris and clamorous New York.

    in 1911 Sorolla signs a contract with The Hispanic Society of America in New York which promises to make a great decoration on the provinces of Spain, known lately as his vision of Spain. The painter faces a mural project of gigantic proportions. They are almost eight years of constantly touring throughout the country, looking for the most peculiar of their clothing and their customs. In breaks that makes this decoration, Sorolla painted more synthetically, eliminating the attachment to deal with the fundamental, seeking new approaches for interpret light.

    In 1920 suffers an attack of hemiplegia that leaves it invalidated on the left side. His family tries to revive it but the painter will languish until August 10, 1923, date in which he died in Cercedilla (Madrid).

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