Julio Cortázar

    Attributes

    • Male

    About the artist

    1914: Was born in Ixelles, Belgium
    1984: Died in Paris, France

    Julio Cortázar was a novelist, short story writer, and essayist born in Belgium. His parents moved from Argentina to Brussels where he was born. He is known as one of the founders of the Latin American Boom, Cortázar influenced an entire generation of Spanish-speaking readers and writers in the Americas and Europe. He has been called a "modern master of the short story."

    Cortázar wrote numerous short stories, collected in volumes as Bestiario (1951), Final del juego (1956), and Las armas secretas (1959).  English translations by Paul Blackburn of stories selected from these volumes were published as Blow-up, Michelangelo Antonioni's film Blowup, which was inspired by Cortázar's story "Las Babas del Diablo" (literally, "The Droolings of the Devil", an Argentine expression for the long threads some spiders and insects leave hanging between the trees), which was in turn based on a photograph taken by Chilean photographer Sergio Larraín during a shoot outside of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.

    Cortázar also published several novels translated into English by Gregory Rabassa.

    The open-ended structure of Hopscotch, which invites the reader to choose between a linear and a non-linear mode of reading, has been praised by other Latin American writers, including José Lezama Lima, Giannina Braschi, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, and Mario Vargas Llosa. His main influences were Surrealism, the French Nouveau roman and the improvisatory aesthetic of jazz.

    Cortázar also published poetry, drama, and various works of non-fiction. 

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