• Es Baluard. Museu d´Art Modern i Contemporani de Palma - Spain

    Opening hours

    Tuesday to Saturday from 10 am to 8 pm. Sunday from 10 am to 15 pm. Closing on Mondays. The museum closes the 1st of January and the 25th of December.

    Contact

    Es Baluard. Museu d´Art Modern i Contemporani de Palma

    Plaza Porta de Santa Catalina 10, Palma 07012, Palma de Mallorca
    Spain

    museu@esbaluard.org
    Tel. +34 971 908 200
    View website

    Institution type

    Museum

    Category

    • Contemporary
    • Modern Art
    • Photography
    • Prints & Works on Paper

    About

    The defensive bastion was built in the last quarter of the 16th century. The ancient mediaeval walls were strengthened with new structures under the supervision of the Italian engineer Giacomo Palearo Fratí n. His plans were in keeping with the new defensive needs of the period and created an area protected by bastions linked by stretches of wall. The Sant Pere Bastion is particularly interesting for its considerable and strategic position; it was even home to one of the most prestigious artillery schools in Europe.

    Various alterations have been made to the Sant Pere Bastion over the centuries. In 1646, under the mandate of Vicenç Mut (appointed engineer and sergeant major of the fortification in 1638), the height of the Santa Catalina Bastion was modified to bring it into line with the Moranta and El Sitjar bastions and link them via the wall. It took on its present-day appearance during the 18th century.

    In 1952, after more than three hundred years of service, the Sant Pere Bastion finally relinquished it military function. Some years later, it passed into private hands. The new owners had plans to redevelop the whole area and in 1963 they tried to blow up the wall with strategically placed slaked lime bombs, with which they managed to demolish a large part of the western curtain wall of the bastion. The citizens of Palma did not remain impassive in the face of this destruction and their reaction accelerated the declaration of the bastion as an historical-artistic monument, with the state planning its immediate reconstruction in 1965.

    After this incident the land was classified for public use and expropriated at the end of 1980s. Without a specific use, the bastion was completely abandoned and fell into a state of disrepair until 1997 when the land was ceded to Palma City Council to build Es Baluard Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Palma. The centre was opened on 30 January 2004.

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